Chicago Manual Of Style Bibliography Citation Generator

Quick Bibliography Tools

UNLV students, faculty and staff have free access to RefWorks, a web-based tool that lets you collect information about your sources and then automatically create in-text citations in your word processor and generate bibliographies.

If you only have a few citations, though, these web sites let you fill in forms to create a formatted citation fast.

  • BibMe - Quick and convenient! Enter a title of a book or journal article and it autocompletes and formats the citation. Free - create a login to save bibliographies.
  • StyleWizard - The APA Wizard takes you through a step-by-step citation creation process.
  • NoodleBib Express - Questionnaire will help you create accurate citations in MLA or APA style. Free; a subscription option lets you create a personal account and save notecards.
  • KnightCite Citation Maker - Quick form to fill out - no login, no ads, from Calvin College's Hekman Library. MLA, APA, Chicago style.
  • Son of Citation Machine - Select type of resource then fill out a form to create MLA, APA, Chicago style citations.
  • SourceAid: Create Bibliography with Citation Builder - Free version requires login. MLA, APA, Chicago Manual of Style, and Council of Science Editors.
  • EasyBib - MLA formatting - Enter citation information into a form and it generates MLA references. Free version available with option to upgrade to a version that formats in APA for a fee. Lots of advertising on the site.
  • Citing Wikipedia - How to cite Wikipedia entries in APA, MLA, and other styles, along with instructions on how to make Wikipedia create the citation for you automatically.
  • Government Documents - ASU DocsCite - DocsCite is a step-by-step web form for putting government publication citations into proper style format from Arizona State Univ. Libraries.

Chicago Format Examples (16th Edition)

Carefully follow these examples when compiling and formatting both your in-text citations and bibliography in order to avoid losing marks for citing incorrectly.

I. Notes-Bibliography System

Each example in this section includes a numbered footnote, a shortened form of the note, and a corresponding bibliography entry.

Book with single author or editor:


  • Full Chicago citation in a footnote:

  • 5. Michael Pollan, The Omnivore’s Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals (New York: Penguin, 2006), 99-100.

  • Shortened citation in a footnote:

  • 5. Pollan, Omnivore’s Dilemma, 3.

  • Bibliography entry:

  • Pollan, Michael, The Omnivore’s Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals. New York: Penguin, 2006.

Book with multiple authors:

For a book with two authors, note that only the first-listed name is inverted in the bibliography entry.


  • Full Chicago style citation in a footnote:

  • 3. Geoffrey C. Ward and Ken Burns, The War: An Intimate History, 1941–1945 (New York: Knopf, 2007), 52.

  • Shortened citation in a footnote:

  • 3. Ward and Burns, War, 52.

  • Bibliography entry:

  • Ward, Geoffrey C., and Ken Burns. The War: An Intimate History, 1941–1945. New York: Knopf, 2007.

Print journal article:


  • Full Chicago citation in a footnote:

  • 89. Walter Blair, “Americanized Comic Braggarts,” Critical Inquiry 4, no. 2 (1977): 331-32.

  • Shortened citation in a footnote:

  • 89. Blair, “Americanized Comic Braggarts,” 335.

  • Bibliography entry:

  • Blair, Walter. “Americanized Comic Braggarts.” Critical Inquiry 4, no. 2 (1977): 331-49.

Online journal article:

When citing electronic sources consulted online, the Chicago style citation manual recommends including an electronic resource identifier, where possible, to lead your reader directly to the source.

A URL is a uniform resource locator, which directs the reader straight to the online source. When using a URL, simply copy the address from your browser’s address bar when viewing the article. You must include the source’s full publication information as well.


  • Full Chicago style citation in a footnote:

  • 12. Wilfried Karmaus and John F. Riebow, “Storage of Serum in Plastic and Glass Containers May Alter the Serum Concentration of Polychlorinated Biphenyls,” Environmental Health Perspectives 112 (May 2004): 645, http://www.jstor.org/stable/3435987.

  • Shortened citation in a footnote:

  • 12. Karmaus and Riebow, “Storage of Serum,” 645.

  • Bibliography entry:

  • Karmaus, Wilfried, and John F. Riebow. “Storage of Serum in Plastic and Glass Containers May Alter the Serum Concentration of Polychlorinated Biphenyls.” Environmental Health Perspectives 112 (May 2004): 643-647. http://www.jstor.org/stable/3435987.

DOI:

A DOI is a digital object identifier; a unique and permanent name assigned to a piece of intellectual property, such as a journal article, in any medium in which it is published. If it is available, a DOI is preferable to an ISBN.


  • Full Chicago citation in a footnote:

  • 3. William J. Novak, “The Myth of the ‘Weak’ American State,” American Historical Review 113 (June 2008): 758, doi:10.1086/ahr.113.3.752.

  • Shortened citation in a footnote:

  • 3. Novak, “Myth,” 770.

  • Bibliography entry:

  • Novak, William J. “The Myth of the ‘Weak’ American State,” American Historical Review 113 (June 2008): 752-72. doi:10.1086/ahr.113.3.752.

II. Author-Date System:

Each example in this section includes a Chicago style in-text citation and a corresponding reference list entry.

Article with single author or editor, author mentioned in text:


  • In-text citation:

  • Here we empirically demonstrate that workers’ and regulatory agents’ understandings of discrimination and legality emerge not only in the shadow of the law but also, as Albiston (2005) suggests…

  • Reference list entry:

  • Albiston, Catherine R. 2005. “Bargaining in the Shadow of Social Institutions: Competing Discourses and Social Change in the Workplace Mobilization of Civil Rights.” Law and Society Review 39 (1): 11-47.

Article with multiple authors, author not mentioned in text:


  • Chicago in-text citation:

  • As legal observers point out, much dispute resolution transpires outside the courtroom but in the “shadow of the law” (Mnookin and Kornhauser 1979)...

  • Reference list entry:

  • Mnookin, Robert, and Lewis Kornhauser. 1979. “Bargaining in the Shadow of the Law: The Case of Divorce.” Yale Law Journal 88 (5): 950-97.

*For a work with four or more authors, include all the authors in the reference list entry. However, in the in-text citation you need only cite the last name of the first-listed author, followed by et al. (e.g. Barnes et al. 2008, 118-19)

For more examples, see chapters 14 and 15 of the Chicago style citation handbook: The Chicago Manual of Style (Sixteenth Edition), or find more information available here.

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