Terrorism Essay 300 Words Is How Many Characters

Many people are calling what happened in Charlottesville, Virginia, this weekend a domestic terror attack. James Alex Fields Jr., 20, of Maumee, Ohio, is accused of running his Dodge Challenger into a crowd of people on Saturday during a white nationalist rally, killing a 32-year-old woman and injuring at least 19 others.
People note the similarities between this attack and other vehicle-ramming attacks ISIS supporters overseas have used to kill scores of people in recent years.
So does that mean what happened in Charlottesville was indeed terrorism?
The world has never really settled on standard definition of 'terrorism,' but the US Code of Federal Regulations defines it as "the unlawful use of force and violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objectives."
Once again, it all comes down to motive. Was there a political or ideological agenda behind the attack?
In another example, from March of this year, a white man named James Harris Jackson stabbed to death a black man in New York and said he did so as a "practice" run for more killings. Jackson was charged with murder in the second degree as a hate crime.
But Jackson also faces a terrorism charge in the case -- murder as an act of terrorism in the first and second degrees.
According to police, Jackson, a Baltimore resident, said he traveled to New York because it is the media capital of the world and he wanted to make a statement.
That was enough to convince the Manhattan District Attorney that Jackson should be charged with terrorism.
"James Jackson prowled the streets of New York for three days in search of a black person to assassinate in order to launch a campaign of terrorism against our Manhattan community and the values we celebrate," he said.
A shooting back in April in Fresno, California, seemed like an open-and-shut case of a hate crime. Police said a 39-year-old black man, Kori Ali Muhammad, shot and killed three white men at random. Muhammad allegedly put up social media posts where he expressed a dislike for white people and made statements to officers that made police "believe it is a hate crime."
So how does law enforcement make the determination?
The FBI says a crime becomes a hate crime when there's an added element of bias. For example, if the victim was killed because of his or her race, religion or sexual orientation.
"Hate crimes are different from other crimes. They strike at the heart of one's identity," former FBI Director James Comey said in a speech at the Anti-Defamation League National Leadership Summit in 2014. "They strike at our sense of self, our sense of belonging. The end result is loss: loss of trust, loss of dignity and, in the worst case, loss of life."
They're motivated by bias, said David Stacy, government affairs director of the Human Rights Campaign.
"In a hate crime, the victim is targeted because of his characteristics," Stacy said. "These are bias-motivated crimes, and often they are much more violent than traditional crimes."

What does it take to prove a hate crime?

In 2015, three Muslims were shot to death by a white neighbor in an apartment near the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill campus. The victims' families were convinced that race and religion played a primary factor in those tragedies.
But CNN legal analyst Danny Cevallos said law enforcement needs more than that to call something a hate crime. They need to prove that racial or religious hatred factored into the motive for the crime.
"Typically in criminal law, motive is not an element of a criminal offense," Cevallos said. "However, motive can be evidence of your intent (to commit a crime). Why you did something can tell us about what you meant to do when it happened. Hate crimes require that (an intent to commit crime) be motivated by some animus, some hatred of other people."
That's why it may have been an easier call for police in Fresno to label the shootings there a hate crime, because it can be argued that Muhammad's alleged social media postings espousing hatred for whites speaks to his motivations for carrying out the crimes.
In the North Carolina case, on the other hand, police investigation seemed to indicate the slayings were sparked by a parking dispute, and not the students' religion.

Why are some attacks not called terrorism?

In many cases, the attacks, at first glance, seem like they should be labeled terrorism. But they're not.
In the Fresno shootings, Muhammad yelled "Allahu Akbar" (the Arabic phrase translates to "God is greatest"), but police don't believe the attacks are terrorist acts. They have yet to explain why.
"Based on the information that we have been provided and our investigation has shown, is that this is solely based on race," Fresno Police Chief Jerry Dyer said. "It has nothing to do with terrorism, in spite of the statements he made."
Think back to Dylann Roof and the killing of nine people at historically black Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church in June 2015. Roof, a white supremacist, said he killed the nine attendees of a Bible study at the church because he wanted to start a race war. He was convicted of hate crimes and sentenced to death, but never charged with terrorism.
That's despite an outcry from many who said what Roof did was, in their eyes, the textbook definition of terrorism. In an CNN Digital opinion piece, CNN National Security Analyst Peter Bergen wondered what the US would have called the attack if Roof had been a Muslim.
"But do the thought experiment: If this attack on the church in Charleston had been conducted by a Muslim man shouting 'Allahu Akbar,' what is already a big news story would have become even bigger, as it would appear to fit so well into the political and media narrative that Muslim militants are the major terrorist problem in the United States," Bergen writes.
His comments get at what some observers have been saying for years -- some acts of violence are only labeled terrorism if the attacker is dark-skinned and Muslim.
"There's a danger that we only use the word 'terrorism' to refer to a particular racial profile of perpetrator," said Andrew Mumford with the Center for Conflict, Security and Terrorism. "The Charleston example is a really important one ... Sometimes (the label) terrorism is not used when the nationality of the perpetrator does not fit conventional stereotypes."

Why does it matter what you call it?

There are legal distinctions to calling an act of violence a hate crime or terrorism.
Labeling something a "hate crime" can make the law come down much harder on a defendant. It adds a new serious charge that can come with a heavy additional sentence.
In 2013, a Mississippi judge sentenced Deryl Dedmon -- a white man who killed James Craig Anderson, an African-American, in a clearly racist attack -- to two concurrent life terms.
He and friends had expressly set out for a night of targeted hassling of black people, screaming racial insults and yelling, "White power."
Though it's the states that try hate crimes as a rule, federal authorities can push forward their investigation and prosecution.
Take Dedmon's example. He caught the wrath of the federal government as well. He was sentenced to 50 years in a federal prison.
Labeling something as terrorism has legal ramifications, too, and is not applied lightly.
Federal officials work with a very specific definition of when something is an act of domestic terrorism.
It has to have three characteristics: an act that takes place in the United States, that's dangerous to human life, and is intended to intimidate civilians or affect government policy by "mass destruction, assassination or kidnapping."
Probably the best example is the Fort Hood shooting in 2009. To the victims at the Texas base, it was an act of terror, when Maj. Nidal Hassan opened fire on his fellow service members.
But federal authorities never used the terrorism label. It met some of the criteria, but it was a legal move. Avoiding the label made it easier for them to pursue the death penalty.
At the end of the day, does it really matter if something is or isn't labeled a hate crime or an act of terror? The pain and anguish felt by the survivors of such violence and the victims' families is just as unbearable ... no matter what you call it.
Police: Stabbing was racially motivated00:59
Were UNC shootings a hate crime or parking dispute? 02:39
Chilling moments from Dylann Roof's trial01:20
Jury recommends death for Nidal Hassan02:14

CNN's Eric Levenson, Hailey Middlebrook, Shachar Peled and Alanna Petroff contributed to this report. It also contains information previously published in a CNN piece in 2015.

Car runs into crowd at protest01:07

The LetterCount
Joke of the day:

This is a free online calculator which counts the number of characters or letters in a text, useful for your tweets on Twitter, as well as a multitude of other applications.

Whether it is Snapchat, Twitter, Facebook, Yelp or just a note to co-workers or business officials, the number of actual characters matters. What you say may not be as important as how you say it. And how many characters you use.

To start counting your letters, simply write or paste the text into the text area and Count characters.


Facebook Character Limits:

Like any other social media site Facebook has length requirements when it comes to writing on the wall, providing status, messaging and commenting. Understanding how many characters you can use, enables you to more effectively use Facebook as a business or campaign tool.

Private messaging is one of the main ways that people interact on Facebook. This type of direct messaging can be either an instant message (chat), or a regular email-type message. For both instant and regular messaging, there is a 20,000 character limit.

A Facebook status may have character limits, but considering that it is at 63,206 characters, unless you are writing War and Peace, you should be fine. Facebook has raised this number 12 times to accommodate user’s status and feedback.

Facebook wall posts have a 5000 character limit, but truncation begins at 477 characters. This enables someone to write a thoughtful response or create something similar to a blog.

An area which is rarely used in Facebook is the Notes section. It is a writing area which many bloggers find useful. The reason is because Facebook Notes does not have a character limit, as of yet. Users are directed to this area if they have very long status or comment to make. This can be used to someone's advantage if they have a longer post to make and wish to share it with their friends through tagging.

At Facebook, users upload and post new photos every day. When uploading pictures, users may need to write a description, which has a 5000 character limit. Once uploaded, few friends will comment about the post, which should give them a character limit of 8000 characters.

On news feeds, long posts only show the first 1,200 or so characters.

To summarize Facebook character limits:

  • instant message (chat): 20,000 total
  • regular message: 5,000
  • status: 63,206
  • wall posts: 5,000 (truncated at 477 letters)
  • picture descriptions: 5,000
  • photo comments: 8,000
  • news feed on long posts: 1,200 or so.

Blogspot

On Blogger, a Blog Description can be up to 500 characters long. The About Me page can contain no more than 1,200 letters. And the Interests and Favorites on the Profile can have no more than 2,000 characters per area.


Ebay

  • title: 80 characters
  • description: unlimited
  • description for mobile browsers: unlimited
    • if description longer than 800 characters: truncated to 250 characters; Ebay generated description summary
    • if description less than 800 characters and using basic HTML, CSS or text: displayed entirely
    • if using more complex HTML or active content or description longer than 800 characters, the summary content can be specified using HTML (line breaks count as 50 characters)

Source: Ebay (look at the FAQs tab)


When Space Matters:

A post for loved ones, friends, co-workers, or probably business officials may be done through Twitter, Facebook, and Yelp. And it is crucial to consider the letter count or the number of actual characters in the text. What you say may not matter as how you said it and the number of characters you intend to use. And many online users worry about word count.

In social media sites, efficiency also comes down to lettercount. For instance, Twitter now allows a 280 character limit, which has been raised from only 140 previously. This is to show you what 280 letters / characters look like, which is ungenerous to compose all your thoughts.

So if you learn to utilize the letter count to your favor, you are one step ahead of the game. Word counters are good, but letter count is often more valuable. In a situation of a hard character limit, an online letter counter will be of more use to you.

You should:

  • Consider what words to use in your post, and which words can be substituted with something shorter.
  • Remember to letter count any name or intellectual property you have to use so you can take them into account when you count your words and letters later.
  • Try to think of more ways to shorten the sentence while still stating your thoughts concisely but clearly.
  • Write in complete sentences. A hard character limit is no excuse for bad grammar.

Counting letters in your Word Processing software

The online counter of lettercount.com often appears as the easiest way to count characters. However it is also sometimes possible to obtain a charactercount using your text editing software.

Character counting tools can be a huge help in many situations, especially when submitting written material online. Online submission forms frequently limit character input. A college admissions essay may limit input to 5000 characters, while social media may limit a status update to 280 characters. Many word processing programs provide a tool for determining the character count in a document. Here are various ways to locate the character count in your software text editor:

How to count characters in Microsoft Word 97 - 2002:

Select the TOOLS menu and then WORD COUNT. A dialogue box will appear containing the character count.


How to count letters in Microsoft Word 2007 - 2010:

Select the REVIEW tab. Select WORD COUNT from the box labeled PROOFING. A dialogue box will appear containing the character count.


How to count characters in Microsoft WordPad:

WordPad is a simple text editor. It does not contain a character count function.

Counting letters in Microsoft Notepad:

Notepad is a simple text editor. It does not contain a character count function.

How to count characters in OpenOffice:

Select the TOOLS menu and then WORD COUNT. A dialogue box will appear containing the character count.


Letter counter in LibreOffice:

LibreOffice 4 displays the character count in the status bar at the bottom of the program, along with the word count. For a detailed character count, select the TOOLS menu and then WORD COUNT. A dialogue box will appear containing the character count.


Counting characters in AbiWord:

Select the TOOLS menu and then WORD COUNT. A dialogue box will appear containing the character count.


Character count in WordPerfect:

Select the TOOLS menu and then WORD COUNT. A dialogue box will appear containing the character count.


How to count letters in Google Docs:

Select the TOOLS menu and then WORD COUNT. A dialogue box will appear containing the character count.


Character counting tools many times will provide additional information, such as the character count with and without spaces. In addition, many of the programs will perform a character count of a selected text. To do this, select the text requiring a character count and simply open the character count tool.

In many cases, the simplest is to paste your text on this site to obtain the number of characters or letters.


How Letters are Written and Counted

In the current and modern society, letters come in all forms. We use letters to communicate with other people anywhere in the world. In business, employees create business letters at one point in time, and include counting the characters. To simplify things, the users utilize software to type the document and count the number of words and characters they use. Another way to count the number of characters or words in letters is through a character counter online.

One type of letter people write is a Love Letter. This is the art of expressing one’s feeling to a person he or she likes or loves. Here, writers are conscious of how they should write; which includes counting the number of words and characters. Sometimes, the letter may need counters to help them formulate the letter. This fact is especially true when a male writes a love letter to his woman. Counters may just be used to count the characters to check they didn’t exaggerate the message. Love letters are much easier to write than business letters. Business letters contain a limit to the number of characters included in the letter, which can be more difficult to conceptualize than a love letter. A love letter is written using free style. With modern technology, this letter can be posted in social media sites like Twitter. On Twitter, you just have to tweet your message on the status; and receive comments or feedbacks from links. However, one has to deal with limited characters of around 280.

When you write a text or article, it is important to know the number of characters or letters. We all know that we have to express what we feel and how it should be portrayed. And it may not be easy to count the exact number of letters, especially if done manually. If you need to count characters, it may sound a boring and daunting task. However, there are programs or character counters to do the counting for you. In this way, you just write freely whatever you like and the software will do the counting of characters or words for you.

After writing an article or text, allow the program to count the number of characters you have written. This should give you idea on how you are doing, and how many letters you still need to write. Always remember that character counting includes all characters in a sentence, and not just letters. This is how many sites count when they put a limit on the size of the text, often including the spaces between letters.

You may feel counting letters and characters are prohibiting you from expressing yourself; that it stifles your writing. It is just right to feel this way. But instead of such feeling, let yourself grow as a writer when you work on limiting the number of characters in your article or text. You may want to work with advert slogans, for instance, like remembering slogans from your childhood days. These are short, succinct and expressive texts to remember. So think of it that way when you count characters or letters in your article. Be stimulated by using synonyms, antonyms, and acronyms to express yourself and become a better writer.

Sometimes, you may need to write longer sentences, which can minimize the character count. This is because many grammatical expressions may have to be written once instead of several times. A comma while it counts should accomplish the same number of letters. You surely want your readers to get the point of your message – be it an informative text, an instruction to workers, or simply to express appreciation. Keep in mind your goal in writing is to have readers understand your writing, and this can be accomplished with a limited number of letters or characters.

Counting letters and characters are more or less impossible for a normal text. Even if a site only allows a limited number of characters, say 280 (a typical limit on few popular sites like Twitter), it is still the average length of a normal sentence. It is very easy to get lost in time on something that is irrelevant. Everybody knows that time is money; and time is too short to count letters and characters by yourself. Simply putting the text in a character counter is much better and saves you more time; and you can use it for your regular writing.

The best part of using Character Counters is having you count the number of characters you have used already. It’s indeed useful as you have the character counter to help you probably reword a long phrase or status in online posts.

Facebook is a popular social media site, which is more renown than Twitter and MySpace. The networking site includes limiting the number of characters in your post as well. It also has its own character counter to counts the number of words typed in the wall, status and comment.

Another popular form of communication is SMS or texting through your mobile phones. Here, you basically send a short message to someone, which can be done quickly. Just like utilizing a computer, texting also has a character limit and a built-in character counter. It is good to keep counters for convenience as it can be uncomfortable to count the characters yourself.

Books, mails, articles, novels, poems, and short stories are likely used much lesser as past time. The modern letters we have today are still being used in selected areas, but not as much as these were before. Basically, these are now used to express one’s feelings or authority, which is partnered by monitoring the number of characters or letters. And modern technology has made it easier and simpler through using softwares and electronic counters. People can even now use popular social media sites, which include character counters for articles and letters.

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